The first operations to correct facial defects using nanoceramics were performed
Prostheses made of nanoceramics are similar in composition to the patient’s bone. There are oxides of zirconium and aluminium in their composition, which are safe for the body. To achieve anatomical similarity, scientists develop a three-dimensional model of his skull using patient’s computer tomography scans images, then print a plastic model on a 3D printer, try it in place of the lost bone fragment, and then make the final version of the prosthesis using a mixture of ceramic powder and polymers .
The first nanoceramic prosthesis was installed in 2017 in a patient who had the bone of the upper jaw removed due to osteogenic sarcoma. A few months after the operation a control examination of the patient showed that the prosthesis integrated well and did not cause inflammation.