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Biologists from Moscow State University discovered two new species of crustaceans

Biologists from Lomonosov Moscow State University have discovered two new types of parasitic crustaceans in the Kuriles, the press service of Moscow State University informed.
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Two new types of parasitizing Ascothoracidae (family Ascothoracidae) were discovered by biologists in brittle stars (Ophiurea), relatives of starfish. The researchers took samples in the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, at a depth of more than 5000 m. The shape and colour of several brittle stars caught the interest of the scientists. It was found that changes in the appearance of marine echinodermata were caused by parasitic crustaceans living inside them.

Ascothorax rybakovi and Cardiosaccus pedri, previously unknown species of the family of Ascothoracidae, were named after Alexei Rybakov and Pedro Martinez Arbizu, outstanding researchers of marine parasitic crustaceans.

The study was conducted as a part of research direction 'Animals' within the framework of the mega-project 'Noah's Ark' of Moscow University, supported by the Russian Science Foundation (RNF).

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Excavations in Sevastopol will reveal more details of defence during the Crimean War

The excavations that began in October in Istorichesky Boulevard in Sevastopol, in which volunteers of the Russian Geographical Society will take part, along with archaeologists, will possibly help obtain unique information about the defence of the city during the Crimean War (1853−1856), the press service of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Russia informed on Thursday.
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«The research will allow to reconstruct the real picture of the events of the defence of Sevastopol and to remind us of its brave defenders … Work is planned in the territory of the 4th bastion, the part of the semi-ring of land fortifications on the southern side of Sevastopol in 1854−1855, created under the guidance of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Totleben,» the statement said.

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Yamal presented at a forum in Arkhangelsk its experience of developing scientific cooperation

The Arctic Research Centre located in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District (YNAD) presented its experience of developing cooperation among scientists at the Sixth International Forum 'Arctic Projects — Today and Tomorrow', which opened in Arkhangelsk on Thursday, the press service of the institution informed.
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«The specific features and experiences of developing scientific cooperation in Yamal are presented at the international forum in Arkhangelsk. Anton Sinitsky, the Director of the Scientific Centre and Ph.D. in Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, will inform the forum participants of priority research studies using the example of the autonomous region. It is also planned to discuss issues of consolidation of research in the Arctic, cooperation of regional, academic, and industrial research institutions in solving the problems facing the northern territories, which require scientific support,» the statement said.

The priority issues in Yamal, Sinitsky explained, include preservation of northern reindeer herding in modern conditions, environmental monitoring, and the development of scientific hospitals.

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Komi scientists obtained new non-toxic substances to use against fungal infection

Komi chemists have developed new substances for the treatment of fungal infections, which is the number one in the world by prevalence. The substances were obtained using conifers and are non-toxic, unlike most of antifungal medications currently available, said Svetlana Rubtsova, the head of the research team.
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«Our development is called 'Synthesis of sulfur — oxygen and nitrogen containing terpenoids for production of medication substances.' These are new biologically active compounds, which are obtained using substances present in nature — in turpentine and in coniferous plants. Their characteristic feature is that they are non-toxic or low-toxic, whereas most antifungal drugs are highly toxic and can cause allergies and skin and internal organ damage,» said Svetlana Rubtsova, the interim director of the Institute of Chemistry of the Federal Research Centre 'Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences', the head of the Laboratory of Oxidative Processes at the institute, and Doctor of Chemistry.

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