Precarious employment becomes a trend in labour relations in Russia
Unconventional employment is a complex of forms of employment, which in one way or another do not fit into the framework of the Labour Code — for example, freelance or home office, irregular working hours, lack of social protection, pensions and fixed-term employment contracts. In some cases, such employment may become precarious, which means vulnerability to various risks.
Scientists have calculated the number of people in Russia who, according to the International Labour Organization’s precarious employment criteria, might be considered to be in precarious employment. They used data from a variety of sources, including Rosstat and the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS). As it turned out, 60 to 80% of employees were in precarious employment to some degree in 2016, in both formal and informal parts of the economy.
Scientists concluded that precarious employment is the result of acceleration of structural changes in the economy. «The volatility of employment is a consequence of the dominance of local and global capital focused on creating „flexible labour markets“ that bring costs to a minimum», the researchers believe.