Transformation of lands into pastures increased their bio-productivity
Satellite observation data were used to assess bio-productivity of the lands, including the leaf area index, which estimates plants bio-productivity by the changes in the spectrum (simply put — the colour) of vegetation in a particular zone.
It turned out that transformation of both arable land and forests into pastures makes overall bio-productivity of the territory markedly higher. The effect of herbivores is among the possible reasons for this, since it introduces into the soil a number of substances with manure. Additionally, the study showed that the level of bio-productivity is directly related to the temperature and humidity in a particular region.
It means that active deforestation aimed at creation of new pastures is particularly dangerous for the carbon balance on the planet.