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Tatarstan scientists counted people with a lowered cerebellum

Researchers from Kazan State Medical University together with a colleague from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (USA) determined the occurrence rate of Arnold-Chiari malformations 1 (CMs 1) among the population of Tatarstan. They found that the Tatars have the disease more often than the Russians. The scientific article is published in the journal Neurosurgery.
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Arnold-Chiari malformation of the first type means the descensus of the tonsils of the cerebellum into the large occipital foramen of the skull. Among the symptoms of the disease are headache, nausea and vomiting coupled with cough, tremor, an impairment of sensitivity and tone of the muscles.

The study showed that in the northern regions of Tatarstan the disease occurs in 30 cases per 100,000 people (average on the planet — 3,3−8,2 cases per 100,000). The scientists found a connection with the nationality — there was an average of 70% of the Tatars among the patients, while the Tatars make up just 54% of the population of the Republic. The data of Kazan doctors suggest that certain variants of genes that are more common in Tatars can play a role in the emergence of CMs.

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An experiment in a laboratory at Innopolis tested interaction of two robots capable of emotions

The participants of the CIPR-2018 conference at Innopolis have witnessed an experimental communication between two robots — 'Alice' and 'Gagarin'.
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The male-robot «Gagarin», developed at Innopolis, got acquainted with the female-robot «Alisa» (Russan version of the name 'Alice'). He explained that he was named after a cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin and asked if his vis-à-vis was free.

«The robot Gagarin has a list of emotions — surprise, joy, fear, disgust, and anger. Two robots communicated with each other, both have systems of face recognition and expression of emotions,» representatives of Innopolis said to TASS.

They also expressed an opinion that in the future robots endowed with emotions will be able to work in the service sector.

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Academician Alekseenko and Professor Green became the winners of the Global Energy Prize

An academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Sergei Alekseenko and Professor Martin Green (Australia) became the winners of the international energy prize «Global Energy» in 2018, the organisers of the award said at the press conference in TASS.
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Sergei Alekseenko, an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences and an ex-director of the Institute of Thermophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, received an award for the preparation of thermophysical foundations for the creation of modern energy producing and energy saving technologies and their application in the modernisation of power plants and waste processing enterprises, as well as for the development of the cooling concept for various systems, such as powerful computing systems and nuclear power plants.

Professor Martin Green was awarded the prize for research, development, and educational activities in the field of photovoltaic power engineering.

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Russian neutron detector will help the Japanese in Fukushima

In the spring of 2017, Japanese research institute Mitsubishi chose a consortium of several scientific divisions of Rosatom to manufacture a highly sensitive neutron detector suitable for operation under extreme conditions of high gamma radiation. The new detector will begin to search for contaminants at Fukushima in the fall of this year, the Russian State Scientific Centre for Robotics and Technical Cybernetics informs.
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The size of the detector is less than that of its counterparts, says the message — just two by four centimetres, so that it can be used in the destroyed station «Fukushima-1.» The detector can withstand radiation at 1000 Gy and higher, while the other electronics do not work even when exposed to just a few hundred grays.

The detector will help find where exactly radioactive fuel fragments are accumulated, which will need to be removed later during dismantling of emergency power units of the Japanese nuclear power plant.

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