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Far East leopard gave the first «concert» for scientists

The roar of a male leopard with the nickname Typhoon has been recorded for the first time by the video camera installed on the territory of natural reserve «Kedrovaya Pad» (Pine Valley) in the Russian Far East.
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The trail camera located at the top of a mountain system in the natural reserve «Kedrovaya Pad» has captured a unique scene — the roaring Far East leopard. The camera represents a kind of «video trap» as it has recorded both movements of an animal and the sound of its roaring.

The Far East leopard with the nickname Leo 12M Typhoon has approached the spot of the camera and made up a rest there. The camera which caught the scene is located at the particular spot where animals can easily observe the surrounding area and follow the borders of their territory. Therefore, leopards often visit this place. Being in a relaxed state, Typhoon has several times uttered a loud roar. This roar was a message that he was indeed the boss of this territory. Additionally, leopards use the roar to signify their rights in the kill or to attract sexual partners. However, such sounds are challenging to fix.

«Even to hear the leopard in the forest is a very rare event. For the first time, we have managed to record the roaring sound,» - an engineer-researcher from the scientific department of the large natural reserve «Leopard's Land» («Kedrovaya Pad» is a part of it) Viktor Storozhuk commented. — "This has become possible due to the modern facilities which can record not only the image but also the sound. Now, everybody can learn more about this rare cat."

The Far East leopard is most rare species from all large cats. Now, they are about 70 species, but several dozens of years before, there were not more than thirty. The major role in the recovery of the Far East leopard population belongs to the natural reserve «Leopard's Land» which has been specially established to reach this goal. On the territory of this reserve, the employees have installed a record-breaking number of trail cameras: 300 devices in total. Such a big number is needed to track all migrations of leopards and changes in the population. Each animal has its nickname. It begins with «Leo» followed by the registration number of animal and the gender: M stands for male and F for female species.

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