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Russia will launch the first partially reusable carrier rocket in four years time

A reusable first stage for ultra-light carrier rockets is being developed in Russia. It will be capable to return to Earth after lifting a second stage to a specified height, and for no less than 50 times. The new first stage will not be landing on its tail, unlike Falcon 9 or space vehicles of the Soviet era which were sent to explore the Moon — it will use wings instead, the Foundation for Advanced Research Projects informs.
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The first stage will lift the second stage and payload to a height of 59−66 kilometres and then return to a launch area where it will land on an ordinary runway. For that, a rectangular large span swing wing and a classic tail unit will slide out of the first stage after the stages are separated. A modified mass production turbojet engine will also be used during a return flight to a launch site.

The rocket will be designed for placing payload with weight of up to 600 kilograms into the Sun-synchronous orbit. Preliminary calculations show that the cost of placement of one kilogram of payload by such a reusable system will be 1.5−2 times lower than by a conventional ultra-light carrier rockets.

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