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Russian and American scientists created a method for diagnosing intrauterine development of brain

Scientists from Novosibirsk and Tomsk (Russia) and Washington (USA) have developed a method for studying the development of the fetal’s brain at the early stages, which will allow to timely identify abnormalities leading to congenital diseases, Science in Siberia, the official publication of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS) informed on Wednesday. The results of the study are published in the American Journal of Neuroradiology.
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«Scientists from the International Tomography Centre of the SB RAS, Tomsk State University, and the University of Washington (USA) have developed a method that allows in utero assessment of the degree of myelination (that is of process of growth of myelin, protective cell membranes of nerve fibers) of the fetal’s brain at the earliest stages. It makes it possible to reveal in a timely manner deviations or delays of maturation, which underlies various congenital diseases and neurophysiological abnormalities,» the publication reported.

In order to get a diagnosis the scientists use macromolecular proton fraction mapping (MPF) — images of the content of hydrogen nuclei that make up the cell membranes. The advantage of the method lies in the fact that it can make use of the data obtained by any scanner.

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