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A Gorynych with a 'female spirit' found in the Kirov region

Vladimir Masyutin, an expert at the Vyatka Paleontological Museum, together with Christian Kammerer from the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, described two new types of therapsids found in Permian sediments near the city of Kotelnich in the Kirov region. Two scientific articles on the therocephalus Gorynychus masyutinae and the gorgonopsian Nochnitsa geminidens in comparison with the known since 1999 Viatkogorgon ivakhnenkoi, are published in the journal PeerJ.
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Well-preserved fragments of skeletons are valuable in that they help shed light on the evolution of 'proto-mammals' and thus find out the reasons why by the end of the Permian period the therapsids from one suborder increased sharply in size, and the animals from another became significantly smaller.

The first species found was named Gorynychus masyutinae in honour of the mythical creature called Zmey Gorynych (Russian 'zmey' meaning a dragon or serpent of Russian folktales). An animal the size of a wolf was attributed to the sub-order of the terocesphals of the order therapsida.

The second predatory therapsid from the suborder of gorgonopsia (also part of the therapsida order) was given the Latin name Nochnitsa geminidens, in honour of the nochnitsa — a Slavic hostile spirit of the female sex. Judging by the large eye sockets, the animal most likely was nocturnal.

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Russian nanocomposite will extract hydrogen from biofuel

New cheap nanocomposite membranes will facilitate the production of hydrogen — an important resource for the chemical industry and advanced fuels. Vladislav Sadykov and his co-authors from the Laboratory of Deep Oxidation Catalysts at the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences described their unique development in the article published in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.
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Vladislav Sadykov and his colleagues used a composite of neodymium tungstate and nickel-copper alloy nanoparticles, to cover a nickel-aluminium foam alloy foundation. A porous layer of catalyst, which separates hydrogen from ethanol, was then applied to that membrane. Thus they acquired a system for the conversion of ethanol to hydrogen and the segregation of pure gas. The authors researched the properties of the finished membrane and showed that all its parameters point to high efficiency and a sufficient operational life.

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Quantum data transmission from the ISS is to be tested in Russia in three years

There are plans to test in Russia data transmission with the use of quantum cryptography (distribution of encryption keys) from the International Space Station (ISS) to Earth in three years time. Sergei Garbuk, the Deputy Director General and the Head of Information Studies at the Russian Foundation for Advanced Research Projects, announced that at the conference 'Digital Industry of Industrial Russia' (CIPR-2018).
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«We, as the Foundation, together with Roskosmos, are now preparing a project to test the system of dispersing a [quantum] cryptographic key from a spacecraft, that is from the ISS. We expect that a demonstration sample will be ready in three years, that will allow to test the technology itself as well as technological limits for speed, distortion, and so forth,» he said.

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Russian and Chinese Academy of Sciences signed a cooperation agreement

The Russian Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have signed an agreement on cooperation.
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The document was signed on Friday following the talks between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People.

The agreement on scientific cooperation was signed by the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeev and his Chinese colleague Bai Chunli.

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